The importance of Zakat | GCE O Level notes

The importance of Zakat? If it is what made you come here, then be confident that you are in the right place.

Whether you are a Muslim or a non-Muslim, Zakat is a thing that always catches your attention. So let’s start from the very beginning:

Relationship between Quran and Sunnah

What is Zakat?

Zakat is the third pillarof Islam and thus carries immense significance in the life of a Muslim. Zakat has been derived from the word, ‘Zaka’, which means to increase, bless or purify.

The significance of Zakat can be deduced from the fact that it has been discussed 32times in the Holy Quran and only times without the reference of Prayer (Salat).

Zakat was made compulsory upon Muslims in 2 A.H in the following words:

“And spend of your substance in the cause of Allah… Do good for Allah loveth those who do good.” (2:195 Al Baqarah)

So it can be said, Zakat is the provision of wealth from the wealthy Muslims to those who are financially weak and unstable as the Prophet (S.A.W) commands:

“It (Zakat) should be collected from the well-to-do and distributed among the poor.”

Now when you know about the basics of Zakat, let’s straight get into it’s importance in the life of a Muslims and to the community on a whole!

The compilation of the Quran

Importance of Zakat:

The significance of Zakat can be understood from the fact that it a pillar of Islam and compulsory on all those Muslims who possess a certain amount of money, uninterruptedly for a complete year. 

The Quran and Hadith have repeatedly stressed the importance of giving money to the financially oppressed in a society. Zakat is very significant because it is a true attribute of a believer. 

As mentioned earlier, an individual cleans his wealth through the payment of Zakat. This is because, when an individual spends in the way of Allah, he not acknowledges Allah as the provider of all sustenance but also, acknowledges him for his further bounties.

Zakat cleans the heart of both the giver and the receiver. It purifies the heart of the giver from the love of wealth, selfishness, envy and comfort with wealth.  

In the same way, it cleans the heart of the receiver from jealousy and ill will from all those that are well-off than him.

Zakat is the welfare tax. It is the backbone of a society. It restrains the accumulation of wealth in a few hands and a uniform distribution of wealth. Moreover, a society is capable of enjoying the bounties because when they possess a specific money, they become capable of carrying various acts.

Zakat is a source that magnifies the wealth of a believer. Allah almighty promises that when one spends generously in the way of Allah, He provides him more than his imagination. It can be also taken in a sense that, a believer earns Allah’s grace and mercy in terms of his bounties!

Allah in the Holy Quran says in this regard:

“The parable of those who spend their substance in the way of Allah is that of a grain of corn: It grows seven ears and each ear has a hundred grains…” (2:261)

Now let’s talk about the rate of Zakat/Nisab:

Anyone (Muslims) who possesses a certain amount of possessions equal to nisba for a specific time period, he is liable to pay Zakat. The Nisab is as follows:

  • On Cash, Gold and Silver:It is to be paid at a rate of 2.5%. If a person possesses seven and half Tola of Gold and fifty-two and a half Tola of Silver, he is liable to pay Zakat. On cash, it is liable if the money is equal to that on silver!
  • Produce on Mines: It is paid at a rate of one-fifth of the produce on mines. This is known as khums.
  • Land Tax: According to a hadith, if the land is irrigated by natural showers, then Zakat is to be paid at a rate of one-tenth of the produce. However, if the land is artificially irrigated, then it is at the rate of one-twentieth of the produce. This is known as Ushr.
  • On all articles of faithexceeding 200 Dirhams.
  • On sheep and Goats: For every forty sheep or goats, one sheep or goat. From 121 to 200, 2 goats or sheep and for over it, for every hundred, a sheep or goat is to be received!
  • On thirty to forty castles,one calf of one year and on every forty cattle, a two-year-old calf. 
  • On camels: For every five camels, one goat or sheep. From ten to fourteen camels, three goats and from twenty-five to thirty-five, a female camel is to be received.

Recipients of Zakat: 

The Quran indicates how zakat is to be conveyed accurately but awards Muslims adaptability in its instalment. This ensures the proper of the needful whereas pleasing changes in how riches are put away, how cash is best disseminated, and how diverse societies alter over time. The Quran moreover makes it conceivable for Muslims to pay their zakat to trusted educate that disperse it to those who have a place to one or more of the categories that are worthy for Zakat.

According to the Quran (9:60), the recipients of Zakat are the people who do not possess wealth equal to Nisab, extremely poor who are forced to beg, the people who are appointed by the government to collect the money and those who have recently accepted Islam.

Moreover, to slaves, who are unable to fulfil an obligation, to those who are unable to lay loans and to some other people as well Zakat can be paid.

Relationship between Quran and Sunnah

To whom Zakat cannot be Given?

To one’s parents, father, mother, daughter and to the descendants of the Prophet (S.A.W), Zakat cannot be given!

Conclusion:

To conclude, the article regarding the importance Zakat has come to an end.WG Blogs tried to it’s utmost to provide you with a well-investigated and factual article.

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